What is ADHD?
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, better known as ADHD is a mental health condition that causes people to pay less attention and exhibit control impulsive behaviors. People who have ADHD are often restless and constantly active. They often find it difficult to focus on a single task at hand or even sit still in the same spot for a long time. ADHD disorder is often detected in early childhood and continues to persist into adulthood. It causes low self-esteem, difficulty in personal and professional work. Kids Diagnosed with ADHD often have trouble fitting into school-routine and following the rules. Although ADHD is often detected during childhood, it can continue through adolescence and adulthood. It is also one of the most commonly diagnosed mental health conditions among children. You need to know all about the Symptoms and types of ADHD in order to get it addressed.
Symptoms of ADHD
Signs and Symptoms of ADHD that are commonly seen among people or children with ADHD include:
- Difficulty paying attention
- Overlook details
- Fail to follow instructions
- Get distracted easily
- Dislike tasks that require sustained mental effort
- Squirming or fidgeting while seated
- Moving around when staying seated is expected
- Dashing around during inappropriate situations
- Interrupting conversations constantly
- Finding it difficult to wait their turn
ADHD Symptoms that are often used to come to Diagnosis include hyperactivity, impulsivity, and lack of concentration. Young children with ADHD often find it difficult to adjust in school as they are not able to sit still for long durations, complete asSigned tasks, listen to the teacher attentively, and so on. Adults who have ADHD find it similarly difficult to follow orders, complete sequenced tasks, and sit still during a meeting, and so on. This can be quite disruptive to their professional life. If you are not sure whether you or someone you know may have ADHD, check for a combination of the above-mentioned Symptoms with other problems like depression, anxiety, and other learning disabilities. It is a good idea to meet with a mental health professional as soon as possible to check whether the Symptoms fit the Diagnosis.
Who Is At Risk?
Before you start thinking about what Causes ADHD you need to be aware of the different Risk Factors. The commonly seen Risk Factors for this mental health condition include:
- Boys are at a higher risk than girls
- Family history of ADHD
- Smoking during pregnancy
- Exposure to environmental toxins
- Preterm labor
- High blood pressure
- Family history of conversion disorder or alcohol use disorder
- Drug use during pregnancy
- Alcohol use during pregnancy
- Low birth weight
- Brain injuries
- Being born with a serious heart ailment
- Certain genetic conditions like Turner Syndrome
Besides the above-mentioned Risk Factors, exposing a young child to more than two hours of screen time each day can also increase their risk of developing ADHD.
While ADHD doesn’t lead to other developmental or psychological problems, kids with ADHD are more likely to also have other conditions like:
- Oppositional defiant disorder
This is defined by a pattern of defiant, negative, and hostile behavior towards any authority figure.
- Conduct Disorder
This is defined by a pattern of antisocial behavior like fighting, stealing, harming people or animals, and destroying property.
- Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder
This is defined by irritability and difficulty in dealing with frustration
- Learning Disabilities
Learning disabilities include difficulty in reading and writing, communicating, and understanding.
- Anxiety Disorder
This is defined by overwhelming worry and nervousness and also includes OCD or obsessive Compulsive Disorder.
- Mood disorders
Mood orders include Depression, bipolar disorder as well as manic behavior.
- Autism spectrum disorder
This is caused due to a problem in brain development which impacts how the person perceives and socializes with other people.
How is ADHD Diagnosed?
There is no specific test for an ADHD Diagnosis. Medical experts use standard guidelines to help Diagnose ADHD. A child who is suspected of having ADHD is often referred for a formal assessment to a psychiatrist, a pediatrician, a learning disability specialist, or an occupational therapist with experience in ADHD.
A specialist will be able to make an accurate diagnosis after a very detailed assessment. This assessment includes:
- Physical examination
This helps rule out other possible causes of the symptoms.
- Interview with the Child
The specialist interviews the child to assess the Symptoms themselves.
- Series of Interviews
The specialist conducts interviews with Significant people in the child’s life including the parents, teachers, and so on.
Children and teenagers are diagnosed with ADHD if they have six or more Signs of inattentiveness, or six or more impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Some of the other criteria that specialists look out for include:
- Display of Symptoms continuously for six months or more
- Display the Symptoms before they turn 12
- Exhibit the Symptoms in at least two different settings
To Diagnose ADHD in adults, the patient needs to go through the ADHD test and have five or more of the symptoms of inattentiveness, or five or more symptoms of impulsiveness and hyperactivity. The adults are also asked about their present Symptoms and the ones they have experienced during their childhood. For an adult to be diagnosed with ADHD, the symptoms they have experienced need to have affected different aspects of their life like difficulty making friends, driving dangerously, underachieving at work, difficulty in maintaining relationships, and so on.
How Is ADHD Treated?
There is currently no specific ADHD cure. It can only be Treated by reducing the symptoms so that the patient can improve their functioning skills. ADHD is often treated with a combination of medication, training or education, therapy, and other treatments.
ADHD medications are designed to reduce impulsivity and hyperactivity. This allows the patient to function better in their tasks. Some of the commonly used medication for Treating ADHD includes stimulants, non-stimulants, antidepressants, and so on.
Although therapy cannot cure ADHD, it helps the patient and their family cope with the daily challenges ADHD can bring their way.
If you are looking for ADHD Treatment, Care.fit is here to help. You will have access to the best ADHD doctors in the country via Online Doctor Consultation. The doctor will be able to Diagnose the Symptoms and start the Treatment with ADHD supplements and ADHD medicine India to reduce the Symptoms gradually.
How Can ADHD Be Prevented?
You can reduce the chances of your child developing ADHD by following a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy. This involves eating healthy food and staying away from cigarettes, alcohol, and drugs. After the child is born and starts eating a normal diet, you need to include plenty of protein-rich foods like milk, peanut butter, cheese, etc. It is also important to ensure that they do not have too much screen time during this crucial age. At the end of the day, it is a good idea to reduce the Risk Factors of developing ADHD as much as possible.