What Is Trichomonas Vaginalis?
Trichomoniasis or Trichomonas vaginalis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It is also known as Trich and is caused by a tiny one-celled parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis.
As the name suggests, trichomoniasis can occur to anyone who is sexually active. It is a quite common infection that can be easily treated. However, if not treated well in time, trichomoniasis can increase the chances of getting other STDs, including HIV.
Trichomonas Vaginalis Symptoms
In the majority of cases, people experience no symptoms even after getting the infection. Those who do may face different signs based on their gender and the severity of the infection.
For women, trichomonas vaginalis symptoms are as follows:
- Greenish or yellowish vaginal fluid that smells bad
- Genital itching, burning, redness, or soreness
- Pain during pee or sex
- Frequent urination
- Bleeding after sex
For men, the symptoms can include:
- Itching or irritation inside their penis
- A thin white discharge from the penis
- Frequent and painful urination
- Pain during sex
Who is at Risk?
There are various risk factors that increase the chances of developing trichomonas. The most common ones include:
- Having more than one sexual partners
- A medical history of other sexually transmitted infections
- A previous episode of trichomoniasis
- Sex without a condom
Trichomonas Vaginalis Causes
There is only one cause of Trichomoniasis: one-celled protozoan. It is a type of tiny parasite that usually travels between people during sexual intercourse or genital contact.
In women, trichomoniasis causes infection in the vagina or urethra. On the other hand, trich affects men in the urethra. Once the infection begins, it can spread through unprotected sex.
However, the infection is not transmitted through normal physical contact like hugging, touching, sharing food, or even sharing toilet seats.
How Is Trichomonas Vaginalis Diagnosed?
If a person experiences any of the trichomoniasis symptoms, the best thing to do is get a diagnosis done since these symptoms are similar to other STDs. For this, you may contact a specialist to get proper treatment as well. Here is what you can expect during the trichomoniasis diagnosis:
- Culture Test: For the trichomonas vaginalis test, doctors take the sample of pee or fluid from the genitals for checking the presence of the parasite. In some cases, they also store the fluid for some days to analyze the parasite after its growth.
- NAATs: Some sensitive tests known as nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) may also be conducted to determine the presence of the parasite.
In some cases, the doctors may also test you for some other STDs since people who have trich often get infected with gonorrhea or Chlamydia as well.
How Is Trichomonas Vaginalis Treated?
Trichomonas can be easily treated once it is diagnosed. The doctors mostly recommend medications to treat the infection and relieve symptoms.
Other than this, the doctor may also need to treat your sexual partner as they are at high risk of getting the infection from you. Once the treatment is done, you will have to visit the doctor for another diagnosis to ensure that the infection is cured.
Untreated trichomonas can last for months or even years in some cases, causing a lot of discomfort. Thus, it is advised that you must opt for timely treatment to focus on a healthy life.
We at Care.Fit, have a dedicated panel of doctors who treat their patients with the utmost care and compassion. We understand your privacy and ensure guaranteed confidentiality. Care.Fit also offers online appointments to give you a hassle-free consultation from top doctors. You can check our website or app to know more about the process.
How Can Trichomonas Vaginalis Be Prevented?
Prevention is always the best thing when it comes to STDs. Thus, here are some of the measures you can take to avoid trichomonas:
- Do not forget to use latex condoms since trich spreads from genital contact. Make sure you put the condom on early before any contact with vagina is made.
- Avoid having multiple sex partners and if possible stick with one who has been tested negative for STDs.
- Talk to your partner about STDs or you can even consult a doctor to be more aware of such diseases and learn the possible methods to prevent them.
- Limit douching or cleaning your vagina with water and other cleansing mixtures. It can also wash away helpful bacteria present in vagina raising your chances of getting STDs easily.