What is a Panic Attack?
A panic attack is a state when intense fear or discomfort reaches its peak within minutes or seconds and during this time various psychological and physical symptoms can be witnessed.
There might be a rapid increase in heart rate, too much sweating, shortness of breath, with a sense of nausea, chest pain, numbness, or tingling.
Panic attacks can be really frightening, uncomfortable, and upsetting experiences in a person’s life. It may be a one-time occurrence to some people but many can experience it frequently. These repeated episodes can be triggered by a specific situation or a memory that is mostly unable to escape.
Panic Attack Symptoms
The panic attack symptoms can develop abruptly and in most cases, it reaches its peak in 10-25 minutes. In most cases, the panic attack can last from 25 minutes to 1 hour and can occur anywhere and anytime. The panic attack symptoms include the following –
- Hyperventilation or shortness of breath
- A rapid increase in the heart rate
- Pain in chest or discomfort
- Nausea or tiredness
- Problem in breathing
- An unreal feeling or a sense of detachment from the surroundings.
- Shaking of the body or trembling
- Feeling of choking
- Tingling sensation
- Losing control or going crazy
- Feeling of dying
Who is at risk
- Having a family history of panic attacks
- People having mental health issues
- People having alcoholism and substance abuse problems
Panic Attack Causes
A panic attack can be caused due to many factors. Genetics may play a role in panic attacks. So, in case the parents or any close family member has the problem, you are more likely to have it.
Apart from that, stress or a life change can lead to anxiety that can cause panic attacks. For example, loss of loved one, problems in love life, divorce, etc. Also, childhood trauma like physical or sexual abuse can increase the chances of a panic attack.
It can also be caused due to various other disorders like anxiety disorder, depression, OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder), or PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)
Various lifestyle habits like smoking, an excessive amount of caffeine intake, etc. are also associated with the risk of panic attacks.
How is Panic attack diagnosed?
A panic attack doctor can help you in diagnosing whether you have panic attacks, a panic disorder or any other condition that resembles this. For panic attack diagnosis the doctor does –
- Complete physical examination.
- A proper evaluation of the symptoms.
- A complete check of family history.
The panic attacks should be treated on time or else it can worsen. So, it is important that the proper diagnosis should be done to understand the root cause and treat it.
How is panic attack treated?
A panic attack treatment is done by the help of proper medications or psychotherapy sessions also known as “talk therapy”. It means talking to a licensed mental health professional and identifying the root cause or the factor that triggers, to eliminate them.
Medications can be of great help to reduce the imbalance in the neurotransmitters in the brain that causes a panic attack.
Cure Fit is one of the emerging and fastest-growing health care providers that have a team of best doctors from across the country. It offers a wide range of services like consultation services, full body checkup, and diagnosis. All their services along with the list of doctors are available on their app and website. So, if you are suffering from a panic attack or any other medical problem, you can book an appointment or do a consultation call.
How can Panic attacks be prevented?
Panic attack prevention can be done through a number of ways which are very simple in nature, like –
- Avoiding the intake of substances that contributes to a panic disorder like caffeine, drugs, or smoking.
- Sleeping properly at night.
- Joining a support group that can help in treating.
- Practicing yoga and meditation.
- Taking part in the physical activities.
If the panic attack is left untreated it can cause various negative impacts in the person’s life. It can lead to the following things –
- Suicidal thoughts
- Development of different phobias
- Avoiding social gatherings
- Drug or alcohol abuse
- Refraining from daily chores.
If you feel the symptoms are getting worse, consult a panic attack doctor immediately. Also, do not take any medications without consulting a doctor.