What Is Myopathy?
Myopathy is a disease in which muscles do not work with the efficiency that they ideally should. This condition can happen in many cases – when muscles are not developed fully, when they get damaged or devoid of necessary components.
There can be different causes of why your muscles are not working properly and thus, there can be different types of myopathies. Each type of myopathy will have a different name, symptoms, diagnostic test, and cure. However, there can be a few common things in different myopathies.
A common type of myopathy is the genetic myopathy that involves problematic muscles at the time of birth. Most of these myopathies occur due to some alteration in genes. Some of these genetic myopathies are:
- Central core disease
- Myotubular myopathy
- Myotonia congenita
- Nemaline myopathy
- Paramyotonia congenita
- Periodic paralysis
- Mitochondrial myopathies
The types of myopathies that are acquired later in life are:
- Endocrine-related myopathies
- Inflammatory myopathies
- Muscular dystrophies
Myopathy symptoms can vary according to the cause behind the diseases. A few symptoms that are common to almost every type of myopathy are:
- Weakness in muscles
- Lack of energy
- Delay in muscular action
Many times, bones also start getting in abnormal shape because muscle weakness prevents muscles from maintaining muscle shape.
Who Is At Risk?
Though myopathy can happen to anyone, there are certain factors that increase the chance of a person developing this condition. These risk factors are as follows:
- Certain muscular infections
- Any family member with a history of the same condition
As we mentioned earlier, myopathy causes can be different from each different type of disease. These causes can either be acquired or inherited.
Some of the inherited causes of myopathy are as follows:
- Presence of abnormal muscles at the time of birth (also called congenital myopathies)
- Familial periodic paralysis
- Pompe’s disease and other diseases related to glycogen storage in muscles
- Mitochondrial myopathies
- Muscular dystrophy
Myopathy causes that acquired during the lifetime, not along with the birth are as follows:
- Muscular cramps
- Dehydration (this simple-looking cause can prove fatal if it is left untreated and uncared of)
- Endocrine disorders
- Some kind of muscular Infection
- Inflammation in muscles (Also called Myositis)
- Any kind of neuromuscular disease
How Is Myopathy Diagnosed?
Myopathy diagnosis is quite difficult. For myopathy test, you will be referred to a neurologist or a rheumatologist depending on your symptoms. Some patients are referred to both types of doctors.
Following steps are taken by doctors to diagnose the disease:
- Physical examination: Skin, reflexes of muscles, strength and balance are checked by the doctors. Family medical history is also confirmed by the doctor to check the presence of any inherited myopathy.
- Blood tests: There are a number of blood tests that can tell the possibility of myopathy. A list of these blood tests includes complete blood count (CBC), electrolyte levels, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and an antinuclear antibody test (ANA). If the doctor finds it necessary, endocrine and thyroid tests are also done.
- Electromyography: A test called electromyography (EMG) is done by the doctors to check the structure and movements of your muscles.
Muscle biopsy and genetic testing can also be done in rare cases.
How Is Myopathy Treated?
Just like symptoms and causes, myopathy treatment also varies from patient to patient. Commonly, there are four types of myopathy cure:
- Physical and occupation therapy
- Management of diet
- Surgical treatment
If you are a person who is looking for a myopathy diagnosis, myopathy medicine, or general consultation about the disease, carefit can be the perfect place for you. We have a team of experienced and dedicated doctors that can provide you consultation. You book an online appointment at any time you are comfortable with. We also provide the facility of online digital prescription and medical records. To know more, go to carefit website or app.
How Can Myopathy be Prevented?
As far as myopathy prevention is concerned, there are no preventive methods developed by scientists or doctors yet. Inherited myopathies come at the time of birth. Therefore, a person cannot do anything about that.
Other types of myopathies are caused by allergic reactions, diseases like cancer, or virus-caused illness. The best thing is to consult a doctor and get timely treatment to avoid complications.