What Is Hamartoma?
Hamartoma is a non-cancerous tumor that occurs in various body locations such as the neck, face, or head. In some cases, Hamartoma can also grow in internal organs such as the brain, lungs, and heart. It is made up of an abnormal mixture of tissues and cells. The difference between normal tissue and the Hamartoma tissue is that the latter grows in a disorganized manner and can put pressure on the organs once it grows considerably.
A Hamartoma’s growth is quite similar to normal tissues and often disappears over time without showing any symptoms. But, if they grow in sensitive organs, Hamartoma can have serious complications.
Hamartoma symptoms depend on the affected location. Many times, Hamartoma tumors show no symptoms. But in some cases, they can trigger various harmful side effects:
- Heart: If Hamartoma grows in the heart, it can lead to heart failure symptoms such as fatigue, irregular heartbeat, and shortness of breath among others. This is common in children.
- Skin: Hamartoma grows on the skin and causes bulges and looks like lesions.
- Breast: Disfiguration and deformities in the breasts are signs of Hamartoma. It is typically found in women over 35 years.
- Brain: Hamartoma in the brain can cause mood and behavior changes. Sometimes, seizures may also occur. A person may also feel uncontrolled laughter as one of the symptoms of a seizure.
- Neck: Swelling and hoarse voice are some symptoms of Hamartoma.
- Lungs: The person may experience breathing issues. In severe cases, they may cough up blood. Pneumonia is also another symptom related to Hamartoma.
- Spleen: Hamartoma in the spleen may cause pain and discomfort in the abdomen.
Who Is At Risk?
Doctors have not found any risk factors associated with Hamartoma. They can grow anywhere to anyone irrespective of their age. However, it is seen that more women get Hamartoma as compared to men. Hamartoma might also be a sign of genetic mutation but that is still not proved so far.
Till now, it is not unknown what exactly causes Hamartoma. It can happen sporadically. However, there are some conditions that can be related to the benign growth of tissues. These include:
- Cowden Syndrome: It is a hereditary syndrome that can lead to the growth of non-cancerous tumors.
- Tuberous Sclerosis: It is a rare disease that causes tumors in the brain or other organs. They are usually benign or non-cancerous.
- Pallister-Hall Syndrome: This is also a genetic disorder that affects body development.
How Is Hamartoma Diagnosed?
Hamartoma diagnosis involves various processes since the doctors need to determine if the tumor growth is cancerous or not. Thus, you need to visit a specialist for the diagnosis. Some of the tests that the doctors may conduct are as follows:
- MRI Scan
- CT Scan
All these tests may differ depending on the suspected location of Hamartoma and its size. A biopsy, however, is done to check if the tumor growth is cancerous in nature.
How Is Hamartoma Treated?
Hamartoma treatment varies from patient to patient depending on the size and location of the tumor growth. It also depends on the symptoms, since in some cases, the patient feels nothing and there is no need for treatment. Other than that, some treatment options may include the following:
- Wait and Watch: At times, doctors just wait and watch to see how the tumor is growing and what effects it is having on the patient.
- Medication: Doctors may recommend certain medications to control the symptoms and signs of Hamartoma as well.
- Surgery: In severe conditions, the doctors may opt for surgery those invasive and non-invasive methods.
Though Hamartoma is not a life-threatening health condition, it is essential to consult specialized healthcare to check for underlying causes.
Here at Care.Fit, we ensure that you get the best consultation from a qualified healthcare specialist. We also provide online appointment booking through our app and website. This helps in ensuring a smooth and hassle-free medical consultation. Not just this, you can visit it to get the chance to avail discounts on your first appointment.
How Can Hamartoma Be Prevented?
Since there is no direct cause or risk factor, the prevention of Hamartoma is not known. In such a situation, the best option is to seek medical consultation if you experience any of the signs and symptoms and begin treatment as per the requirement.