What is Dermatitis?
Dermatitis is essentially a general term for skin inflammation. When someone has this condition, their skin will typically appear to be swollen, dry and red. The cause of this condition varies depending on the type of the condition that they have. However, this is not a contagious condition.
There are several different types of Dermatitis that doctors and experts have been able to identify:
- Atopic dermatitis
- Contact dermatitis
- Dyshidrotic dermatitis
- Seborrheic dermatitis
- Statis dermatitis
- Nummular dermatitis
- Dermatitis neglecta
Some are very common and others not much.
There are quite a number of Dermatitis symptoms that there is to know about. The different symptoms vary from mild to severe and differs basis the body part that is affected. However, despite that, there are some other common ones which we have listed below for your reference and knowledge:
- Small or big Blisters on different areas of the body
- Certain types of Rashes
- Experiencing Itchy skin
- Observing Dryness and cracked skin
- Some sort of Redness on the skin or affected area
- Swelling of the face or the affected body parts
- Painful skin sensation due to burning or stinging in the affected area
These are some of the reasons for Dermatitis that doctors have been able to identify.
Who is at Risk?
There are various Dermatitis risk factors as it can happen to anyone due to multiple and at any time. Some individuals are more sensitive to this condition as compared to others. However, experts have been able to identify certain risk factors related to this. We have mentioned them below for your reference and understanding of the same:
- An individual who has a family history of certain skin conditions
- As people age, they are more prone to experience this condition
- The environment one grows up in
- Health conditions that a person has
- Someone with asthma
- Certain allergies
The Dermatitis causes varies depending upon the type of this condition that one has been affected with. There are certain conditions for which the exact cause is not known till now. However, we have discussed below for your understanding some of these causes across the types in details:
- When someone comes in direct contact with a certain type of allergen or irritant like poison ivy and oak
- Having eczema due to change in environment, dry skin or family history
- Having fungus in the oil glands
These are some common causes that are known to possibly cause this condition.
How is Dermatitis diagnosed?
For Dermatitis diagnosis, a Dermatitis doctor will need to perform a certain number of tests for this condition as there is no one common test to understand the root cause of the problem. As mentioned, the doctor may then have to conduct multiple tests to get a proper understanding of the problem:
- The doctor will first start with a physical test and discuss in detail the medical history of the individual before making any sort of diagnosis.
- A skin patch test might also be done in some cases if the doctor feels the need for the same
- A skin biopsy may be necessary in certain situations to help figure out the exact cause behind this condition.
How is Dermatitis Treated?
There are different methods for Dermatitis treatment as done by a dermatitis doctor. The treatment depends upon the type, cause and severity of the condition. We have mentioned in brief the common methods of treatment:
- Certain topical creams
- Creams and lotions as prescribed
- Oatmeal baths to help with the itching
- If needed then the Doctor may prescribe some medicine for dermatitis.
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How can Dermatitis be prevented?
Prevention of Dermatitis starts with becoming aware of how to avoid this condition to begin with. However, having said that, there are some recommendations which might help an individual. Some of these have been mentioned below for your understanding and consideration:
- Avoid contact with certain irritants and allergens which cause rashes like oak and poison ivy among others
- Avoid touching the area where the flare up has happened as it will only cause more contact with germs and then further make it worse
- Avoid scratching the area as then it will leave permanent marks behind