What are Blackheads?
A type of open skin pore that gets clogged with dead skin cells, oil, or bacteria and is dark in colour are known as blackheads. They are a type of comedo. Comedones usually occur when your skin gets clogged sebum or dead skin cells. Although blackheads usually appear on the face, they are also seen on the chest, back, neck, shoulders, and arms. Medical professionals regard blackheads as a mild form of acne. In fact, acne is one of the most commonly seen skin disorders in the country according to the experts in the medical professions.
Unlike whiteheads, blackheads are easier to spot on the skin because of their dark colour. Here are a few blackheads symptoms and signs to look out for:
- Slightly raised dark bumps on your skin
- No pain
- No itching
- Size remains constant
- Number of blackheads my increase gradually
- Slight redness
Once you start noticing blackheads, it is a good idea to have them removed as soon as possible. There are several home remedies that you can try out to get rid of these Comedones. Fortunately, blackheads are not painful, but they will affect your appearance, especially if you have blackheads on your face. Most people tend to have blackheads on their nose.
Who is at Risk?
Blackheads are often seen in boys and girls, especially during puberty. This is because the sebaceous glands enlarge and make more sebum during puberty. Blackheads are also commonly seen during pregnancy or when you use oral contraceptives as they affect sebum production. Some people also report an increase of blackheads when they are on certain medications that contain testosterone, lithium, or corticosteroids. Your diet also has a large say in whether you have blackheads or not. Recent studies have shown that certain foods like skim milk, carbohydrate-rich foods like bread chips or bagel might worsen any kind of acne, including blackheads. Stress is also another factor that can trigger blackheads for some people. There are plenty of blackheads that you need to rule out before finding the one that is triggering your comedones.
Blackheads are formed when a plug or a slog develops at the opening of hair follicles on your skin. Each hair follicle consists of one hair and a gland responsible for producing oil. When dead skin cells, bacteria and oils start collecting in these openings, they form a bump called comedones. When the skin over the bump remains closed it is known as a whitehead and when the skin over the bump opens, it is known as a blackhead. Blackheads are dark in colour because of the exposure to air.
How are Blackheads Diagnosed?
Fortunately, blackheads rarely require a doctor’s visit unless you have a severe case of acne. Blackheads have a very distinguished appearance, making them easy to spot on your skin. While blackheads mostly appear on your face, they may also appear on your chest, neck, back, shoulders, and arms. In case you are not sure whether you have blackheads or not, you can take a handheld mirror and hold it close to your face to examine the bumps more carefully. Blackheads are tiny bumps that are slightly raised and dark in colour. They are easily distinguishable from a mole. Although blackheads do not grow in size, they will increase in number gradually over time.
How are Blackheads Treated?
Fortunately, there are several blackhead treatments that you can try at home. However, you need to be careful that you do not make them worse or end up triggering a bad case of acne. Experts suggest cleansing your skin without drying your skin too much. You can use gentle exfoliators that will help remove any dirt, bacteria, or dead skin cells that might find their way into open hair follicles on your skin. You can also use strips that are one of the best treatments for blackheads that are available in most drug stores. These strips come in handy to remove blackheads from your face. You can also use peel-off masks which is the best blackhead remover. If you have a severe case of acne as well as blackheads, a doctor can prescribe medication that will help calm your skin. You can also have an online video consultation with a doctor via Cure.fit to find a suitable treatment.
How can Blackheads be Prevented?
Blackheads prevention involves making sure that you clean your face regularly with a gentle cleanser. However, you need to be careful that you do not cause your skin to dry too much. While there is no specific blackheads medicine or blackheads cure you can prevent them by following good hygiene and eating a healthy diet.