Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome
What is Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome?
Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome is something that occurs when an individual’s immune system by mistake creates antibodies that make their blood more prone to clotting. This syndrome can cause dangerous blood clots in various parts of the body such as legs, kidney, brain and lungs. When a pregnant women experiences this syndrome, it can also lead to miscarriage.
There are different types of Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome that doctors and researchers know of:
- False-positive test for syphilis
- Lupus anticoagulant
- Anticardiolipin antibody
- Anti-beta2 glycoprotein
Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome Symptoms
There are quite a number of Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome symptoms that there is to know about. Some of these symptoms are common and some are not so common. However, we have listen done some common ones across the different symptoms for your reference and knowledge:
- Visible Blood cloths in the legs
- Having repeated stillbirths and miscarriages
- Experiencing a stroke
- Developing rashes on different parts of the body
- Experiencing transient ischemic attack (TIA) which is similar to a stroke
- Experiencing episodes of bleeding particularly from the gums and the nose
- Neurological symptoms like a headache, dementia and seizures
- Cardiovascular diseases
Who is at Risk?
There are various Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome risk factors as it can happen to anyone due to multiple reasons. Some individuals are more sensitive to this condition as compared to others. However, experts have been able to identify certain risk factors related to this. We have mentioned them below for your reference and understanding of the same:
- This condition is known to be common in women compared to men
- An individual who has immune system disorders
- Someone who is suffering from certain infections
- There are certain medications that have been linked to this syndrome
- A family history
Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome Causes
There are multiple different Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome causes that have been identified by researchers till now. However, there are certain causes which are believed to contribute to this.
- When the immune system mistakenly produces antibodies, which is more likely to make your blood clot. Antibodies are generally known to protect against bacteria and viruses.
- Certain underlying conditions such as autoimmune disorder, certain medications and even various infections.
These are some common causes that are known to possibly cause this condition.
How is Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome diagnosed?
For Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome diagnosis, an Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome doctor will need to perform a certain number of tests for this condition as there is no one common test to understand the root cause of the problem. As mentioned, the doctor may then have to conduct multiple tests to get a proper understanding of the problem:
- The doctor will start with a physical test and get an understanding of your medical history including that of your family members.
- The doctor in most cases prescribes different tests for the individuals such as a blood test to check for abnormal blood clotting in an individual and the presence of antibodies to phospholipids as that helps too.
How is Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome Treated?
There are different methods for Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome treatment. The treatment is done with the aim of improving the symptoms and helping the individual lead a better quality of daily life. We have mentioned in brief the process of treatment:
- A combination of different blood thinning treatments like heparin and warfarin.
- Certain medications might also be given.
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How can Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome be prevented?
Prevention of Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome is not something that is too difficult to do as there are simple measures that can be adopted to reduce the risk of getting this condition. Some of these have been mentioned below:
- Avoid contact sports and certain other activities which could cause bruising or an injury or cause an individual to fall down
- Make good dietary choices as there are certain foods like Vitamin K which can lessen the effectiveness of the treatment.
- Always consult a doctor before starting with new medications.