High Blood Pressure
What Is High Blood Pressure?
High blood pressure is a common condition in which the force of blood on the artery walls is high enough to cause health problems. This condition is also known as hypertension.
A person’s blood pressure is determined by the amount of blood pumped by the heart and the amount of resistance to blood flow in the arteries. When the arteries become narrow and the heart pumps more blood, you experience high blood pressure.
There are two types of high blood pressure:
- Primary Hypertension: This type of hypertension develops with no identifiable cause. It is also known as essential hypertension.
- Secondary Hypertension: This type of high blood pressure occurs quickly and may be caused by several other health conditions or certain medicines
High Blood Pressure Symptoms
Normally, people can have high blood pressure without any visible symptoms. It can take years or even decades for high blood pressure symptoms to reach severe levels.
We have listed below some of the symptoms of severe hypertension. Check and seek immediate consultation if you experience any of them:
- Headaches and dizziness
- Nose bleeding
- Shortness of breath
- Pain in chest
- Blood in the urine
- Blurred vision
- Vomiting and nausea
Who Is At Risk?
High blood pressure risk factors can vary from age, family history, to weight. Some of the major ones include:
- Age: Your risk of developing high blood pressure increases with your age. People above 64 often suffer from this condition.
- Being Overweight: When you are overweight, the body requires more oxygen and nutrients. This leads to an increase in the volume of blood circulated and hence may lead to hypertension.
- Alcohol: Heavy drinking damaged your heart and may become one of the reasons of high blood pressure.
- Diet: A diet with low potassium and high salt can increase your risk.
- Tobacco: Smocking and tobacco damage the lining of artery walls, making them narrow.
- Chronic conditions: Diseases like diabetes and sleep apnea may also increase your risk of hypertension.
- Stress: High levels of stress sometimes lead to temporary high blood pressure.
High Blood Pressure Causes
Usually, high blood pressure occurs due to certain changes in the body or an underlying health condition. Some of the common high blood pressure causes are as follows:
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Sides effects of medicines
- Underactive or overactive thyroid
- Congenital conditions, such as Cushing’s syndrome, acromegaly, or pheochromocytoma
How Is High Blood Pressure Diagnosed?
High blood pressure diagnosis is quite simple. You can check your blood pressure reading even at home with BP checking machines. However, in cases where blood pressure remains high during different intervals of time, the doctors recommend another high blood pressure test to determine the underlying condition.
Some of the common blood pressure tests include:
- Urine test
- Cholesterol screening
- EKG or ECG
How Is High Blood Pressure Treated?
Since high blood pressure depends on various factors, the doctors may recommend various ways for proper treatment. The high blood pressure cure also depends on its type.
Here are some of the common treatment options for hypertension:
- Lifestyle changes: The doctor may advise some diet and daily routine changes like proper meals, regular exercise, limiting alcohol, and avoiding junk food.
- Medication: Doctors also provide medicine for high blood pressure. You may have to try different medicines to find which works for you. h
To get the best high blood pressure treatment, it is essential to consult a specialist.
Here at Care.Fit, you can find doctors who are highly qualified and experience. Through our app and website, we also offer instant online consultation with top doctors. Not just this, we also provide home collection for lab tests making it easy for you to keep a tab on your health.
How Can High Blood Pressure Be Prevented?
Below are some of the most common and effective method for high blood pressure prevention:
- Eat a healthy diet rich in potassium, fiber, and protein. You can also consult dietitians for a proper meal plan.
- Keep your weight in check and perform regular exercise to be physically active.
- Quit smoking and tobacco consumption.
- Get proper sleep and take proper rest.
- Limit your alcohol intake or if possible do not take at all.
- Manage your stress by relaxing or enjoying activities like yoga.