What is Cirrhosis?
A severe scarring of the liver and the poor liver function which is seen at the terminal stages of chronic liver cancer is known as cirrhosis. This usually happens due to a long-term exposure to certain toxins such as viral infections and alcohol. The liver is a very important organ of the body responsible for some very important functions.
There are three different types of Cirrhosis there is to know about. This classification is done on the basis of size:
- Micronodular cirrhosis
- Macronodular cirrhosis
- Mixed cirrhosis
There are some varied Cirrhosis symptoms. Cirrhosis usually happens when the liver is not able to purify the blood, produce clotting proteins, break down toxins and help with the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins and fats. Individuals at times do not face any symptoms until the disorder has progressed. However, apart from that, there are some other common ones which we have listed below for your reference:
- Bleeding from the nose
- A decrease in appetite
- Jaundice or yellow discolouration
- Sudden weight loss
- Visible small spider-shaped arteries underneath the skin
- Itchy skin
- Abdominal swelling
These are some of the reasons for Cirrhosis that doctors have been able to identify.
Who is at Risk?
There are various Cirrhosis risk factors as it can happen to anyone due to multiple reasons and at any time. Some individuals are more sensitive to this condition as compared to others. However, experts have been able to identify certain risk factors related to this. We have mentioned them below for your reference:
- Any individual who is in the habit of drinking too much alcohol
- An individual who is obese or overweight with high BMI.
- An individual who has viral hepatitis – this is known to be one of the leading causes in the world for liver diseases.
There are a number of different causes of Cirrhosis that doctors and experts have been able to identify. We have discussed some of the causes below for your understanding:
- Long-term viral hepatitis C infection
- A history of chronic alcohol abuse
- Being obese or overweight
- Women who consume alcohol in excess (more than two drinks per day for a large number of years
- Men who consume alcohol in excess (more than three drinks per day for a large number of years
- Hepatitis B which can cause liver inflammation
- Hepatitis D
- Inflammation that is caused by autoimmune disorders
- Certain medications
How is Cirrhosis Diagnosed?
For Cirrhosis diagnosis, a doctor will need to perform a certain number of tests for this condition as there is no one common test to understand the root cause of the problem. We have mentioned below the different tests involved in the process of diagnosis:
- The doctor will first start with a very detailed physical test and a complete medical history as well.
- Some of the other tests that the doctor will be recommended based on requirement are a complete blood count, liver function tests, albumin, coagulation blood tests, alpha fetoprotein, upper endoscopy, MRI of the abdomen, an ultrasound scan of the liver, a CT scan of the abdomen and a liver biopsy to better understand this.
How is Cirrhosis Treated?
There are several different methods for Cirrhosis treatment as done by a Cirrhosis doctor. We have mentioned in brief the different methods of treatment:
- Beta blockers
- Banding procedures
- Quitting drinking
- Intravenous antibiotics
- Low protein diet
- Liver transplant is the last resort when all other treatment fails
- In very rare cases doctors turns to over-the-counter medicine for Cirrhosis for treating the individual.
Cure.Fit, your friendly health care provider offers a variety of services for various health conditions. They have some of the best gastroenterologists from all over India to attend to specific medical requirements. Their services are listed on their app and website. You should consider them if you are looking for an effective Cirrhosis cure.
How can Cirrhosis be prevented?
Prevention of Cirrhosis starts with practising and incorporating certain lifestyle changes. However, having said that, there are some recommendations on foods to avoid which might help an individual. Some of these have been mentioned below for your reference:
- Practise safe sex to reduce the chances of Hepatitis B and C.
- Get vaccination for Hepatitis B
- Quit drinking if you have the habit of consuming it on a regular basis
- Ensure that you eat a balanced diet that is rich in all essential nutrients and vitamins
- Including a routine of adequate exercise in your daily routine