What is Allergic Rhinitis?
Allergic Rhinitis is a condition in which a person starts showing symptoms of cold, like sneezing, congestion, and runny nose. These symptoms occur only when the person comes in contact with some particular substances like dog dander and pollen. Allergic rhinitis is commonly known as Hay Fever.
There are two types of Allergic rhinitis, described as follows:
- Seasonal Allergic rhinitis: When the allergy occurs only during the season of pollination of certain plants. Pollen grains in the air cause the allergy.
- Perennial Allergic rhinitis: When the allergy occurs year-round due to a non-seasoned cause.
Allergic Rhinitis Symptoms
The most common allergic rhinitis symptoms include:
- Prolonged sneezing
- Itching in eyes and nose
- Runny nose
- Nasal Congestion
- Fatigue without doing any work
Notably, its common name is Hay fever, but fever is not a symptom of Allergic Rhinitis.
Another thing to be noticed is that you will start experiencing some of these symptoms like sneezing and cough within seconds after coming in contact with an allergen. Allergens are the substances that can cause allergy to a person having Allergic Rhinitis but are otherwise harmless.
Who is at Risk?
Though Allergic rhinitis can affect anyone, there are certain factors that can increase the chances of a person being affected by it.
If anyone of your family has a history of allergies, your chances of catching an allergy get increased. Asthma and atopic eczema can also trigger a person’s allergic rhinitis.
Some other common Allergic rhinitis risk factors are:
- Heavy smoking of cigarettes
- Exposure to chemicals
- Air pollution
- Perfumes or hairspray
- Fumes and smoke
Allergic Rhinitis Causes
As explained earlier, allergens are substances that are otherwise harmless but cause allergy when comes in contact with a person having Allergic Rhinitis. Once your body touches an allergen, it releases histamine. It is a chemical that defends the body from harmful products. Your body starts showing symptoms like sneezing and itching nose when histamine is released.
Some of the common allergic rhinitis causes are:
- Pollen grains
- Dust mites
- Dog or cat dander
- Animals’ saliva
How Is Allergic Rhinitis Diagnosed?
Allergic Rhinitis diagnosis is very easy and effective. The most common methods used to diagnose this condition are:
- Physical Exam: This can work when a person shows only minor symptoms. The most common method of physical examination is the skin prick test. In this test, the doctor place several substances on your skin to test how skin reacts to it.
- Blood Test: A radioallergosorbent test (RAST) involves adding allergens into your blood to check how much antibodies are produced against it. RAST is the most effective Allergic Rhinitis test that involves checking hundreds of antigens.
How Is Allergic Rhinitis Treated?
Though its symptoms might seem harmless, the treatment is necessary to stop the further escalation of the condition. Allergic rhinitis treatment includes the following methods:
- Home remedies: You can use air conditions instead of natural air to cool your home. External allergens like pollen can not enter a closed room. Some people also use dehumidifiers and high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters to maintain the environment of the room.
- Medication: If the symptoms start interrupting your daily life, the doctor might consider giving you medicine for allergic rhinitis and decrease the release of histamine.
If you are seeking the answer to how to stop Allergic Rhinitis, you should consider checking Care.Fit’s app and website. We have a number of seasoned doctors who can give you the best consultation according to your condition. We also offer online consultation that can be booked instantly.
How Can Allergic Rhinitis Be Prevented?
The perfect allergic rhinitis cure is prevention from allergens. Here is a list of allergic rhinitis prevention methods that are commonly used:
- Seasonal Pollen: If you are someone who suffers from seasonal allergic rhinitis, you should consider staying indoors in the peak season. Shower every time you go outside and keep your windows closed.
- Dust mites: Wet mop the floor every day if dust mites act as allergens to you. If you have a carpet, you should add a HEPA filter in the vacuum cleaner.
- Pet dander: If your test reports that you’re allergic to pet dander but you have a pet already, you should consider cleaning all the surfaces in the home frequently. Wash your hands every time after touching your pet.